A Complete Guide On Consuming Albuterol Safely

If you or your child has been diagnosed with asthma or any other respiratory problem, then it is most likely that you are going to have an albuterol inhaler with you. It seems easy and safe to use it but you do need to follow the instructions to avoid an albuterol overdose. So, you will need a guide that will help you in using the inhaler properly. Do make sure to read everything about the drug before you accept it from your doctor. Open up to them about the problems that you face on a daily basis or the chronic health issues that may have.

Albuterol Inhaler

Albuterol:

Albuterol is a bronchodilator that is used to help the asthma patients to dilate their airways in case of an asthma attack. It is generally taken through an inhaler but it is available in the powder form as well. The concern that we have about this chemical is that it can lead to side effects or even become fatal in case of overdoses. So, you need to be extra careful and take the recommended dosage. Other than asthma albuterol is also used in case of bronchitis and several other respiratory problems.

Common uses of Albuterol:

  • Albuterol is used in case of Asthma in adults and also in children who are of 4 years and above.
  • It is also used in case of Reversible Airways Disease.
  • Another usage is in the case of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease both for acute and maintenance cases.
  • Bronchitis patients also need the help of Albuterol.
  • Bronchospasm Prophylaxis also needs the aid of Albuterol.

Side effects that may happen from albuterol:

When we take medicine most of the times we do not even think about their consequences on our body. Chemicals may often have some side effects which we should definitely learn about. So, here are some of the side effects seen if there is an improper use of albuterol:

  • Headaches and dizziness
  • Choking and breathing problems
  • Chest pain and fast heart rate
  • Pain or burning during urination
  • High blood sugar
  • Low potassium level which may cause leg cramps, extreme thirst, frequent urination
  • Nausea and upset stomach

These are some of the side effects that you should be wary of. Call emergency immediately if you see any of these symptoms after the intake of albuterol. There are some common side effects like body aches, nervousness, sore throat etc. which may often occur from prolonged use of the medication. Another important thing is that albuterol should be avoided if you have some of these diseases:

  • Heart disease and high blood pressure
  • Heart rhythm disorder
  • Epilepsy or any other seizure disorder
  • Diabetes
  • Overactive thyroid
  • Low levels of potassium

Make sure to let your doctor know about these problems if you have been recently diagnosed with asthma. They will recommend you an inhaler that is devoid of albuterol.

Different dosages of Albuterol:

Dosage is an important thing when it comes to medicines like albuterol. You have to follow the instructions carefully or else there can be diverse problems related to them. The common dosage instructions for albuterol are:

Usual Adult Dosage:

  • Inhalation Powder: 1 or 2 inhalations every 4 to 6 hours. (90-180mcg)
  • Inhalation Capsules: 1 inhalation having 200 mcg every 4-6 hours. The maximum dosage is 4 inhalations per day or 800 mcg.
Albuterol Oral Tablets

Oral Tablets:

Immediate release:

2 mg or 4 mg three to four times a day and you can increase it stepwise up to 8 mg four times a day. 32 mg per day is the maximum amount that you can take.

Extended-release:

4mg to 8mg tablets daily every 12 hours. A physician may increase the dosage but the maximum is 32 mg a day.

  • Oral Syrup: 2mg or 4mg can be taken three to four times a day.

Usual Paediatric Dosage:

Acute:

  • 4 years or older should use 1-2 inhalations of inhalation powder every 4 to 6 hours. In case of inhalation capsule, it should be 1 inhalation of 200 mcg every 4 to 6 hours and no more than 4 inhalations in a day.

Maintenance:

  • 4 years or older should use 1-2 inhalations of inhalation power every 4 to 6 hours. This will be 1 inhalation every 4 to 6 hours in case of inhalation capsules and the child cannot take more than 4 inhalations or 800 mcg in a single day.
  • Oral syrups are also available in which 2 to 5-year-olds can take 0.1mg/kg three times in a day and it can increase to 4 mg per day. In the case of children from 6 to 14 years, they can take 2 mg 3 to 4 times a day initially. Later it may increase to about 24 mg per day. In children who are 15 and over, initially they may take 2 to 4 mg about 3 to 4 hours a day and later they can take about 8 mg 4 times a day.

These dosages may definitely change and be different from person to person. You should always inquire your doctor about the correct dosage before you take any of it. Also, ask about the proper procedure to follow in case there is an overdose of the medicine. If you miss any dose, then take the next dose on time. You will also find that the dosage instructions are clearly written on the bottle or capsule.

So, here is a common guide that you can consult for the usage of albuterol. Definitely consult your doctor before using albuterol or any of the medications that have it even if it is for the use of exercise. Do remember that albuterol is a fast acting drug which helps in opening up the airways rather than getting rid of the actual disease. Proper knowledge of a medicine is crucial when you suffer from prolonged or chronic illnesses. Use the inhaler in a proper way as well to have the best health possible. The internet is the best place to learn about priming and using an inhaler.